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Choking

Posted: December 10th, 2010 by TutorCare comment-icon Comments disabled

A foreign object that is stuck at the back of the throat may block the throat or cause muscular spasm.

Young children especially are prone to choking. A child may choke on food, or may put small objects into their mouth and cause a blockage of the airway.

If the blockage of the area airway is mild, the casualty should be able to clear it; if it is severe they will be not be able to speak, cough or breathe and will eventually lose consciousness.

How to Recognise a:

Mild Obstruction:

  • Casualty will be able to breathe, speak, cry or cough
  • Severe obstruction

Severe Obstruction:

  • Casualty will be unable to breathe, speak, cry or cough
  • Casualty will eventually lose consciousness unless they are given assistance

Treatment for adult or child

Your aims are to remove the obstruction and to arrange urgent removal to hospital if necessary.

If the obstruction is mild:

  • Encourage them to continue coughing
  • Remove anything that is an obvious obstruction from the mouth

If the obstruction is severe:

Give up to 5 back blows

  • Look inside the mouth and remove anything causing an obvious obstruction

If the obstruction has not moved:

  • Give up to 5 abdominal thrusts
  • Look inside the mouth and remove anything causing an obvious obstruction

If the obstruction has not been cleared after repeating the cycle of back blows and abdominal thrusts three times

Call an ambulance by dialling 999 or 112

Keep repeating the pattern until help arrives

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