First aid for sport – why sports coaches need sports first aid training

first aid for sport - trainer with injured trainee
first aid for sport – sports coach with injured trainee

The life of a sports coach is varied and challenging. The aim is to develop the talents of the individual athlete while addressing any physical requirements. Although coaching roles vary according to the specific sport, all require a sound understanding of basic first aid from the side-lines. This article addresses the general aspects of first aid for sport, whether you are a football coach, a track and field specialist, a physiotherapist, or a match official. Continue reading “First aid for sport – why sports coaches need sports first aid training”

Burn Injuries in the Workplace and how to treat them

No matter how effective our preventive measures may seem to be, accidents are bound to happen at the workplace. One of the most common types of accidents that occur in the workplace are burns, especially in chemical industries. Both electrical and chemical equipment can be sources of burn injuries in the workplace.

Burns tend to damage the skin due to the high temperatures. Anyone dealing with a burn victim is required to be extra careful to avoid inflicting further pain on the victim. When the burns aren’t severe, they can easily be treated with simple first aid. However, some burns may be too severe and even life- threatening which will require immediate medical attention as well as on the spot first aid.

All employees need to have sufficient knowledge on how to treat minor burns in the workplace and how to care for life-threatening burns until the time a medical expert will arrive and take over. They should be able to identify the difference between a minor and fatal burn. Continue reading “Burn Injuries in the Workplace and how to treat them”

Reporting and recording injuries in the workplace

The key to a safer workplace is acceptance that the worst may indeed one day happen. Making your workplace safer can involve training, the installation of safety equipment and raising awareness regarding potential risks on site.  Reporting and recording injuries when they happen is a vital requirement for effective health and safety.

All workplace injuries must be addressed no matter how minor they seem. Depending upon type of sector your business operates in the kind of injury will vary but the most common ones include; cuts, sprains, fractures, burns, bleeding and lifting associated injuries such as pulled muscles.

Any incident within the workplace must be logged and reported following the legislation set out by the HSE or Health & Safety Executive body for the UK has set out legislation that states that any incident within the workplace must be logged and reported under the RIDDOR act (Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations). Continue reading “Reporting and recording injuries in the workplace”

How to treat burns – First Aid

Burns are the most common household injury and unfortunately a regular occurrence in certain work environments.  This article discusses how to treat burns.

More than 1 million people in the UK seek medical treatment for burn-related injuries each year.  50,000 people are hospitalised due to burn-related injuries.  4,500 people die from burn related injuries.

Burns should always be treated as serious regardless of severity.  Before treating a burn-related injury however, it is important to first determine the type and degree of the burn. Continue reading “How to treat burns – First Aid”

First Aid – What to do for electrical burns

Electrical burns can be caused either by low or high voltage current.  High voltage currents can jump distances of up to 18 meters (known as “arcing”).  In such instances do not approach the casualty; stay at least 25 meters away until the power source has been turned off and contact emergency services.

With all electrical burns, there may be visible wounds on the skin where the electric current has entered and shocked the body.  Internal damage to the body may also have occured and can range from an irregular heart beat to cardiac arrest.

Continue reading “First Aid – What to do for electrical burns”

The Difference Between Sprains, Strains and Breaks

In the workplace accidents, can happen at any time. Continuing our recent articles on health and safety this article covers some basic observations to help identify the differences between sprains, strains and breaks.

Any injury in the workplace can be costly If you cannot identify the problem, then getting the solution becomes even more daunting and hectic. Sprains, strains and breaks are all related and if you have experienced either of them, then you know what severe pain is. The three conditions are musculoskeletal disorders that normally affect the body’s musculoskeletal system or movement. In most cases, this disorder affects the tendons, nerves, ligaments, muscles, blood vessels among other body organs.

 

Musculoskeletal Injuries: The differences between Sprains, Strains and Breaks

Sprains

• A sprain happens as a tear or a stretch of a ligament which is the tissue connecting 2 bones. They support and stabilize the body’s joints enabling them to be flexible. A good example is the knee ligament connecting the two bones on the upper and lower side.

• Sprains happen following a fall, blow or twist on your body. They cause the affected joint to overstretch injuring or even rupturing the supporting ligaments.

• A mild sprain takes place when the ligament overstretch, but a severe sprain is where the ligament tears completely separating from the bone.

 

Strain

• A strain is a tear, twist or pull of a tendon and/or a muscle in the body. Tendons are defined as the cords of tissues that normally connect bones and muscles.

• Strains are caused by prolonged overuse of tendons and muscles without enough rest. Some of the signs of strains include; swelling, pain, inflammation, cramping muscle spasm and muscle weakness.

• Mild strains are rarely noticed, but severe ones can result to serious injuries following a complete rapture of the tendon and the muscles. Some of the common strains include back strain and hamstring muscle strain

 

Breaks

• Just like the name suggests, a break is a split, fracture or a complete break in the bone. Such injuries are caused by accidents, bone weakness or sports injuries.

• Unlike strains and sprains, breaks require immediate attention from a qualified doctor to ensure fast and proper healing.

 

In all cases if these injuries happen in the workplace you need to make sure it is noted in the company accident log and more importantly that the employee or visitor affected is taken to hospital where the injury causes pain.
TutorCare offer a wide range of training course that covers first aid in the workplace.  As well as identifying and offering advice on the above our courses discuss treatment for unconsciousness, shock, bleeding, burns and scalds.

 

The following is a list of currently available courses through TutorCare.

How To Properly Care For A Minor Workplace Injury

Minor cuts, scrapes, bruises and burns… they’re a part of daily life with most of them taking place in the home. However, it’s not uncommon for them to occur in a place of employment. A majority of companies have some type of accident policy (with risk assessment) that dictates what happens in these types of cases. This article looks at dealing with a minor workplace injury. Continue reading “How To Properly Care For A Minor Workplace Injury”

Choking

A foreign object that is stuck at the back of the throat may block the throat or cause muscular spasm.

Young children especially are prone to choking. A child may choke on food, or may put small objects into their mouth and cause a blockage of the airway.

If the blockage of the area airway is mild, the casualty should be able to clear it; if it is severe they will be not be able to speak, cough or breathe and will eventually lose consciousness.

How to Recognise a:

Mild Obstruction:

  • Casualty will be able to breathe, speak, cry or cough
  • Severe obstruction

Severe Obstruction:

  • Casualty will be unable to breathe, speak, cry or cough
  • Casualty will eventually lose consciousness unless they are given assistance

Treatment for adult or child

Your aims are to remove the obstruction and to arrange urgent removal to hospital if necessary.

If the obstruction is mild:

  • Encourage them to continue coughing
  • Remove anything that is an obvious obstruction from the mouth

If the obstruction is severe:

Give up to 5 back blows

  • Look inside the mouth and remove anything causing an obvious obstruction

If the obstruction has not moved:

  • Give up to 5 abdominal thrusts
  • Look inside the mouth and remove anything causing an obvious obstruction

If the obstruction has not been cleared after repeating the cycle of back blows and abdominal thrusts three times

Call an ambulance by dialling 999 or 112

Keep repeating the pattern until help arrives

To see images and a video of actions that can be performed by a trained adult go here – What to do when a baby or infant chokes (For trained professionals)

SB (07/17)

Are your staff able to administer first aid in an emergency?

It is a legal requirement for each UK workplace to have at least one trained first aider, whether in offices, outdoor working areas and especially within health and social care environments.

However, the owners and managers of businesses and organisers need to prepare for situations in which their first aider is unable to perform his or her duties. This could be because of annual leave, illness or perhaps the first aider is the one who needs medical attention.

You could send two or three of your staff members on first aid training courses, but it makes much more sense to ensure that as many of your workforce as possible receive training on what to do in a medical emergency. This will help to create a safer working environment overall, with every member of staff confident in their ability to react in an emergency and potentially save their colleagues lives.

As part of first aid training, your staff members need to learn about:

– Managing emergency situations
-CPR and basic life support
– Controlling bleeding
– Dealing with head injuries and unconsciousness
– Reacting to choking
– Treating shock
– Treating sprains and wounds

It is also important to remember that emergency first aid training needs to be refreshed every so often, to keep your first aiders updated and the life-saving information fresh in their minds.

Your responsibilities as an employer for first aid training

As the owner or manager of a business which has employees, you have certain responsibilities with regards to health and safety, fire safety and first aid provision. It is very important that you understand these responsibilities, not only to adhere to government regulations but also to protect your business and its employees.

When it comes to first aid, you have both a legal and moral obligation to make sure your staff are provided with first aid training. New rules were implemented by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) on the 1st of October 2009 requiring all employers to conduct an assessment of first aid training needs within the business.

It is recommended that at least a few of your staff members, the designated first aiders in the business, undergo First Aid at Work and Emergency First Aid at Work courses. These courses last 3 days and 1 day respectively.

Another important responsibility you have as an employer is to make sure your staff’s first aid training knowledge and skills are always up to date. The HSE recommends sending employees on annual First Aid Refresher courses, which generally take half a day to complete.